TML Survey Archive

The Texas Municipal League surveys its members on a regular basis about a variety of topics. As a service to our members, TML will make results of these surveys available here.

Taxation and Debt Surveys

Water and Wastewater Surveys

 

Some of the following files are in the .pdf format. You must have Acrobat Reader installed on your machine in order to open these files. To download a free copy of this software, click on the icon below.

 

Annual TML Taxation and Debt Survey Results

The Texas Municipal League’s annual survey of municipal tax and debt for past years are posted here. If you have difficulty accessing this information, please call Rachael Pitts in the TML office at 512-231-7400.

The following information may be helpful when you review the survey results:

Limitations on Municipal Tax Rates

Municipal property tax rates are limited by the Texas Constitution (Article XI, Sections 4 and 5) and state law. Municipal tax rate ceilings are as follows:

  • Cities of 5,000 or less in population can levy a maximum tax rate of $1.50 per $100 assessed valuation;
  • Cities over 5,000 in population can levy up to $2.50 per $100 assessed valuation (for a home rule city, a rate lower than $2.50 per $100 may be prescribed under its charter);
  • Type B general law cities can levy a maximum of 25 cents per $100 assessed valuation.
Definitions of Terms Used in the Survey

General obligation bonds are bonds that are secured by a pledge of the full faith and credit and the taxing power of the issuers. The term is synonymous with the term “tax-supported.”

Revenue bonds are special obligations of the issuer (as opposed to general obligations) that are payable solely from the revenues derived from an income-producing facility. Revenue bonds are sometimes further secured by a first mortgage on the physical plant or property whose revenues are pledged. Such bonds are called “first mortgage revenue bonds.”

Certificates of obligation are a financing mechanism a city may use to pay a contractual obligation incurred in: (1) a construction contract; (2) the purchase of materials, supplies, equipment, machinery, buildings, land, and rights-of-way for authorized needs and purposes; or (3) the payment of professional services, including services provided by tax appraisers, engineers, architects, attorneys, map makers, auditors, financial advisors, and fiscal agents.

Tax rate is the rate at which taxes are levied per $100 of assessed valuation. In Texas, the ad valorem tax rate for local governments is expressed in terms of dollars or cents per $100 of assessed valuation.

When viewing the survey results online, the following key to municipal utilities and facilities referenced in the survey may be helpful:

Key to Municipal Utilities and Facilities

AM—Auditorium; AP—Airport; C—Cemetery; CE—Civic/Community Center; E—Electric System; FG—Fairgrounds; GC—Golf Course; GS—Gas System; H—Hospital; HR—Boat Harbor; L—Library/Museum; LK—Lake; M—Market; MB—Municipal Building; P—Parking Lot; PH—Public Housing Units; PK—Parks and Recreation; S—Sewer System; SC—Senior Center; SL—Solid Waste Disposal System; SP—Swimming Pool; T—Transit Bus System; TB—Toll Bridge; W—Water System; ZO—Zoo; ZZ—Other

Please keep in mind that all data in these surveys are self-reported, and TML cannot be responsible for errors made by the reporting entities.


2008
698 cities responded
Excel pdf

2007
599 cities responded
Excel  pdf

2006
636 cities responded
Excel pdf

2005
585 cities responded
Excel pdf

2004
644 cities responded
Excel pdf

2003
614 cities responded
Excel pdf

2002
670 cities responded
Excel pdf

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Annual Water and Wastewater Survey Results

The results of the water and wastewater rate survey conducted by the Texas Municipal League are posted here. If you have difficulty accessing this information, please call Rachael Pitts in the TMLoffice at 512-231-7400.

Information is presented only for cities that provide water and wastewater services to their residents. Information for cities that provide water and wastewater services through municipalutility districts, interlocal agreements, and other private sourcesis not included in the survey. The information contained in the survey results was provided by the cities, and TML made no attempt to verify the accuracy of information reported. Where no response to a specific question was received, a zero is used to indicate no response; zeroes are not included in the computations of averages.


2007
A total of 651 cities reported that they provide water service to their residents. The average cost of water usage of 5,000 gallons in all cities is $24.82, an increase over the 2006 average of $23.45. The average monthly residential consumption in all cities is 7,172 gallons.

Wastewater service is provided in 624 of the cities responding to the survey. The average cost of wastewater service for residential usage of 5,000 gallons is $18.99, a decrease over last year's average of $20.76.

  • Water Fees by Population Group Summary Excel pdf
  • Residential and Commercial Water Costs Details Excel pdf
  • Wastewater Fees by Population Category Summary Excel pdf
  • Residential and Commercial Wastewater Costs Details Excel pdf

2006
A total of 655 cities reported that they provide water service to their residents. The average cost of water usage of 5,000 gallons in all cities is $23.45, an increase over the 2005 average of $22.45.The average monthly residential consumption in all cities is 7,553 gallons.

Wastewater service is provided in 631 of the cities responding tothe survey. The average cost of wastewater service for residential usage of 5,000 gallons is $20.76, an increase over last year's averageof $17.16.

  • Water Fees by PopulationGroup Summary Excel pdf
  • Residential and CommercialWater Costs Details Excel pdf
  • Wastewater Fees by PopulationCategory Summary Excel pdf
  • Residential and CommercialWastewater Costs Details Excel pdf

2005
A total of 670 cities reported that they provide water service to their residents. The average cost of water usage of 5,000 gallons in all cities is $22.45, an increase over the 2004 average of $21.75.The average monthly residential consumption in all cities is 6,871 gallons.

Wastewater service is provided in 649 of the cities responding to the survey. The average cost of wastewater service for residential usage of 5,000 gallons is $17.16, a slight increase over last year's average of $16.78.

  • Water Fees by PopulationGroup Summary Excel pdf
  • Residential and CommercialWater Costs Details Excel pdf
  • Wastewater Fees by PopulationCategory Summary Excel pdf
  • Residential and CommercialWastewater Costs Details Excel pdf

2004
A total of 698 cities reported that they provide water service to their residents. The average cost of water usage of 5,000 gallons inall cities is $21.79, an increase over the 2003 average of $20.83.The average monthly residential consumption in all cities is 7,796 gallons.

Wastewater service is provided in 674 of the cities responding to the survey. The average cost of wastewater service for residential usage of 5,000 gallons is $16.79, a slight increase over last year's average of $16.09.

  • Water Fees by Population Group Summary Excel pdf
  • Residential and Commercial Water Costs Details Excel pdf
  • Wastewater Fees by Population Category Summary Excel pdf
  • Residential and Commercial Wastewater Costs Details Excel pdf

2003
A total of 673 cities reported that they provide water service to their residents. The average cost of water usage of 5,000 gallons in all cities is $20.83, an increase over the 2002 average of $19.96. The average monthly consumption in all cities is 7,874 gallons. See the following report for totals by population categories.

Wastewater service is provided in 645 of the cities responding to the survey. The average cost of wastewater service for residential usage of 5,000 gallons is $16.09, a slight increase over last year's average of $15.39.

  • Water Fees by Population Group Summary Excel pdf
  • Residential and Commercial Water Costs Details Excel pdf
  • Wastewater Fees by Population Category Summary Excel pdf
  • Residential and Commercial Wastewater Costs Details Excel pdf

2002
A total of 684 cities reported that they provide water service to their residents. The average cost of water usage of 5,000 gallons in all cities is $19.96, an increase over the 2001 average of $18.61. The average monthly consumption in all cities is 8,581 gallons. See report below for totals by population categories.

Wastewater service is provided in 644 of the cities responding to the survey. The average cost of wastewater service for residential usage of 5,000 gallons is $15.39, a slight increase over last year's average of $14.64.

  • Water Fees by Population Group Summary Excel pdf
  • Residential and Commercial Water Costs Details Excel pdf
  • Wastewater Fees by Population Category Summary Excel pdf
  • Residential and Commercial Wastewater Costs Details Excel .df

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