What is the legal standard for holding an emergency meeting?

A city that experiences an emergency or an urgent public necessity may conduct a meeting without providing the 72-hour notice requirement that is generally required to conduct a meeting under the Open Meetings Act.  An emergency or urgent public necessity exists only if immediate action is required because of: (1) an imminent threat to public health and safety; or (2) a reasonably unforeseeable situation.  See Tex. Government Code §551.045(b).  The sudden relocation of a large number of residents from the area of a declared disaster to a governmental body’s jurisdiction is considered to be a reasonably unforeseeable situation for a reasonable period immediately following the relocation.  Id. at §551.045(e).

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1. What is the legal standard for holding an emergency meeting?
2. What notice must the city provide for an emergency meeting?
3. Is a quorum needed to conduct an emergency meeting?
4. Can a city council hold an emergency meeting via telephone conference?
5. What if a disaster prevents a city council from holding a meeting that was otherwise properly posted?
6. What happens if the city must cancel its noticed meeting for adopting the budget and tax rate due to a disaster?